The Book of Zechariah- chapter 2

2 I lifted up mine eyes again, and looked, and behold a man with a measuring line in his hand.

2 Then said I, Whither goest thou? And he said unto me, To measure Jerusalem, to see what is the breadth thereof, and what is the length thereof.

This is the third of the eight visions that Zechariah is given. Commentators debate who this man is, with views such as- Nehemiah, a spiritual type of Nehemiah, an angel, or Jesus.

In verse 1:16, God promised that Jerusalem would be measured for the rebuilding of the city and the Temple. The rebuilding of Jerusalem, after the Babylonian exile, produced only a partial fulfillment of this promise. We will see that this chapter is directing us to the millennial reign of Jesus.

3 And, behold, the angel that talked with me went forth, and another angel went out to meet him,

Apparently, this is the interpreting angel from chapter 1. He went out, from the prophet’s side, to meet another angel bringing a message.

4 And said unto him, Run, speak to this young man, saying, Jerusalem shall be inhabited as towns without walls for the multitude of men and cattle therein:

5 For I, saith the Lord, will be unto her a wall of fire round about, and will be the glory in the midst of her.

Most believe the “young man” refers to Zechariah, but some that it refers to the man with the measuring line.

This appears to refer to the millennium (Isaiah 60:18-19), since Jerusalem was never inhabited as a city without walls, except for the time until Nehemiah could lead the people to rebuild the wall, when it was not an overflowing city as this verse speaks of. That was also a time of trouble (Nehemiah 2:17; Daniel 9:25), while these verses speak of a time of peace.

6 Ho, ho, come forth, and flee from the land of the north, saith the Lord: for I have spread you abroad as the four winds of the heaven, saith the Lord.

Many commentators try to give this verse a historical application concerning the Babylonian captivity, even though Babylon is clearly not north of Israel. The phrase “saith the Lord” reminds us that this message comes from God, and not from Zechariah.

7 Deliver thyself, O Zion, that dwellest with the daughter of Babylon.

The phrase “daughter of Babylon” shows that this is not a reference to the historical Babylon. In Revelation 18:1-4, God warns His children to come out of “Babylon the Great”, the end-times capital city of the Antichrist, so they would not partake of her sins or punishment.

Again, the word Zion is a reference to God dwelling among His people. In the end-times application, this would refer to the gathering in of God-fearing Jews after the return of Jesus, during which He destroys the kingdom of the Antichrist.

8 For thus saith the Lord of hosts; After the glory hath he sent me unto the nations which spoiled you: for he that toucheth you toucheth the apple of his eye.

9 For, behold, I will shake mine hand upon them, and they shall be a spoil to their servants: and ye shall know that the Lord of hosts hath sent me.

After the return of Jesus, and after He destroys Babylon the Great, Jesus will gather the nations of the wicked to the battle of Armageddon (Revelation 16:12-16; 19:11-21; Joel 3:2-16).

10 Sing and rejoice, O daughter of Zion: for, lo, I come, and I will dwell in the midst of thee, saith the Lord.

Any attempt to relate this chapter to the historical Babylon, stumbles at this verse. This is speaking of the millennial reign of Jesus (Joel 3:17-21; Revelation 20:4).

11 And many nations shall be joined to the Lord in that day, and shall be my people: and I will dwell in the midst of thee, and thou shalt know that the Lord of hosts hath sent me unto thee.

No historical nation ever became converts to Judaism. Commentators, therefore, generally sidestep their historical Babylon applications, and apply this verse to Christianity. Yet, the next verse plainly shows that this specifically refers to Judah and Jerusalem. Also, the phrase “in that day” is a reference to the end-times Day of the LORD. Again, this is clearly speaking of the millennial reign of Jesus (Isaiah 60).

12 And the Lord shall inherit Judah his portion in the holy land, and shall choose Jerusalem again.

God will naturally reject Jerusalem after her covetous relationship with the Antichrist (Revelation 17-18). As in verse 1:17, God promises to again choose Jerusalem from which to dwell with mankind.

13 Be silent, O all flesh, before the Lord: for he is raised up out of his holy habitation.

Be silent in awe and fear (Psalm 46:10; Zephaniah 1:7). This verse speaks of the time after Jesus returns, destroys the Antichrist and beast-kingdom (Revelation 19:11-21), resurrects the Christians (Matthew 24:30-31), converts the Jews (Romans 11:1-28; Zechariah 12;10), and reigns from Jerusalem. The phrase “raised up out of his holy habitation” refers to Jesus coming to earth from heaven.